Explaining cryptocurrency: everything you need to know about decentralized finance (DeFi)

Decentralised finance (DeFi) is one of the newest buzzwords on the internet, but few people actually comprehend what it means and how it will affect the world financial system.

DeFi offers financial services using smart contracts and cryptocurrencies to do away with middlemen.


Decentralised finance (DeFi) is one of the newest buzzwords on the internet, but few people actually comprehend what it means and how it will affect the world financial system.


The phrase was created in 2018 by a group of businesspeople and Ethereum developers who wished to expand the scope of financial applications available through conventional systems.


In essence, the system eliminates the ability of financial institutions, banks, and businesses to control the flow of money and other assets.


Imagine a situation where you utilize digital currencies like bitcoin and Ethereum and have the ownership to use them directly, rather than having your bank or debit card provider act as the middleman between you and a merchant when you make a transaction.


How DeFi operates

DeFi offers financial services using smart contracts and cryptocurrencies to do away with middlemen like guarantors.


How to Understand Cryptocurrencies and Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

DeFi runs p2p transactions using smart contracts and cryptocurrency. Photo credit: Finance Monthly

One of such services is lending, where users can receive loans, lend their cryptocurrency to others and earn interest, trade cryptocurrency peer-to-peer without a middleman, and save bitcoin and obtain higher interest rates than traditional banks do.

Users of Decentralized Finance make use of Decentralized Apps (DApps) to speed up commercial transactions. Cryptocurrencies (such as Ethereum, Polkadot, and Solana), stablecoins, digital wallets, liquidity mining, staking, yield farming, and other services and dApps are some of the ones that are frequently used.


Advantages of the DeFi

The potential of DeFi keeps expanding as more DApps are added to the system. Sending money anywhere in the world is a key benefit (fastly and with little fees).


Decentralised Finance also enables consumers to keep money using cryptocurrency wallets and receive larger returns than those offered by conventional banks. Additionally, they can peer-to-peer lend and borrow money, trade anonymously in cryptocurrencies, and trade tokenized versions of investments like equities, funds, and non-fungible tokens (NFTs).


Overall, the advantages include lower prices, a wider range of services, and the potential to increase revenue from crypto ownership.


Disadvantages of the DeFi

DeFi has disadvantages, just like all new financial systems, especially given that it's a cutting-edge technology meant to upend a centralized banking system.


It's not as easy to participate as going to the neighborhood bank. Because there are so many DeFi apps and investment options, DeFi might be difficult for beginners to understand.


The procedure may also be perplexing. Because you must transfer money from centralized exchanges like Binance into a non-custodial wallet like Trust Wallet or MetaMask in order to access the DeFi world. To avoid errors, the entire process necessitates knowledge and caution.


The problem of theft and scams is the most significant of the drawbacks. 97% of the $1.7 billion in cryptocurrency stolen as of May 2022, according to blockchain analytics company Chainalysis, came from DeFi protocols.


How to Understand Cryptocurrencies and Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

Recently, fraud in the DeFi industry has increased.

Developers construct bitcoin ventures in such DeFi frauds, then steal investor money and vanish. Chainalysis issued a warning that numerous hacks against DeFi exchanges during the previous year can be attributed to faults in the smart contract code governing such protocols, which hackers exploit to steal money.


Additionally, many con artists lure inexperienced and naïve crypto investors with fictitious returns that vastly exceed those provided by conventional financial institutions.




DeFi is a sizable financial ecosystem that seeks to eliminate the intermediary and enable inter-user financial transactions.


Its supporters and adherents contend that it marks the start of a revolution that makes it possible for people from all walks of life to engage in financial transactions that would have otherwise been inaccessible to them. Critics and opponents think blockchain-based assets like Bitcoin, Ethereum, NFTs, and all others are just a passing craze that will eventually fade away.


There is currently a lot of enthusiasm about the idea. Before beginning, it is crucial for beginners to grasp both the benefits and the risks of their chosen path.


Despite the allure of the payouts DeFi is offering, be aware of fraud and theft.




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